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Ballistic Standards

The term, bullet-proof or bullet-proof vest implies that a product will protect against all possible projectile threats but that is not the case. All body armour is categorised into threat levels depending on the projectiles it can defeat. Below there are sample ballistic standards from NIJ (National Institute of Justice).

Armourshield produces body armour to meet a variety of different threat levels round the needs of the customers. You can achieve a certain threat level by choosing between our three different ballistic material qualities which differ in weight while offering the same level of protection within a threat level.

The tables below give you examples of which bullets can be defeated by a specific ballistic threat level according to the NIJ standards. We have chosen from the worlds most common military and civil types of ammunition. As a competent and reliable partner in any armour issues however we are offering more in-depth information and datasheets through our customer service.

As well as ballistic tables we also give examples of anti stab standards. To view these tables click here

NIJ STANDARD 0101.06


NIJ THREAT LEVELTEST BULLETBULLET WEIGHTREFERENCE VELOCITY MAXIMUM BFS DEPTH
IIA9 mm
FMJ RN
8.0 g
124 gr
373 m/s
1225 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
.40 S&W
FMJ
11.7 g
180 gr
352 m/s
1155 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
II9mm
FMJ RN
8.0 g
124 gr
398 m/s
1305 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
.357 Magnum
JSP
10.2 g
158 gr
436 m/s
1430 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
IIIA.357 SIG
FMJ FN
8.1 g
125 gr
448 m/s
1470 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
.44 Magnum
SJHP
15.6 g
240 gr
436 m/s
1430 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
III7.62 mm
NATO FMJ
9.6 g
147 gr
847 m/s 44 mm
1.73 in
IV.30 Caliber
M2 AP
10.8 g
166 gr
878 m/s 44 mm
1.73 in

FOOT NOTE

  • BFS = Back Face Signature
  • Armourshield's Level III+ plates will also defeat 5.56 x 45mm SS109 & 7.62 x 39mm M43 rounds.
  • All velocities are +/- 9.1 m/s or +/- 30 ft/s

NIJ STANDARD 0101.04


NIJ THREAT LEVELTEST BULLETBULLET WEIGHTREFERENCE VELOCITYMAXIMUM BFS DEPTH
I.22 Caliber
LR LRN
2.6 g
40 gr
329 m/s
1080 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
.380 ACP
FMJ RN
6.2 g
95 gr
322 m/s
1055 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
IIA9 mm
FMJ RN
8.0 g
124 gr
341 m/s
1120 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
.40 S&W
FMJ
11.7 g
180 gr
322 m/s
1055 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
II9mm
FMJ RN
8.0 g
124 gr
367 m/s
1205 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
.357 Magnum
JSP
10.2 g
158 gr
436 m/s
1430 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
IIIA9 mm
FMJ RN
8.2 g
124 gr
436 m/s
1430 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
.44 Magnum
SJHP
15.6 g
240 gr
436 m/s
1430 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
III7.62 mm
NATO FMJ
9.6 g
147 gr
847 m/s
2780 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
IV.30 Caliber
M2 AP
10.8 g
166 gr
878 m/s
2880 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in

FOOT NOTE

  • BDS = Back Face Signature
  • Armourshield's Level III+ plates will also defeat 5.56 x 45mm SS109 & 7.62 x 39mm M43 rounds.
  • All velocities are +/- 9.1 m/s or +/- 30 ft/s

HOSDB 39/07/B


PROTECTION LEVELTEST BULLETBULLET WEIGHTREFERENCE VELOCITYMAXIMUM BFS DEPTH
HG1/A9mm
FMJ
8.0 g
124 gr
365 m/s
+/- 10
44 mm
.357 Magnum
JSP
10.2 g
158 gr
390 m/s
+/- 10
44 mm
HG19 mm
FMJ
8.0 g
124 gr
365 m/s
+/- 10
25 mm
.357 Magnum
JSP
10.2 g
158 gr
390 m/s
+/- 10
25 mm
HG29mm
FMJ
8.0 g
124 gr
430 m/s
+/- 10
25 mm
.357 Magnum
JSP
10.2 g
158 gr
455 m/s
+/- 10
25 mm
HG3Carbine 5.56x45
NATO
4.01 g
62 gr
750 m/s
+/- 15
25 mm
RF17.62 mm
NATO Ball
9.3 g
144 gr
830 m/s
+/- 15
25 mm
RF27.62 mm
NATO Ball High Power
9.7 g 850 m/s
+/- 15
25 mm
SG1 12 Gauge28.4 g
437 gr
435 m/s
+/- 25
25 mm

Russia-Gost R 50744-95


PROTECTION LEVELTEST BULLETBULLET WEIGHTREFERENCE VELOCITYMAXIMUM BFS DEPTH
19 mm
Makarov PM
5.9 g290 m/s - 315 m/s17 mm
7.62
Nagan
6.8 g265 m/s - 285 m/s17 mm
25.45 PSM2.5 g310 m/s - 325 m/s17 mm
7.62
Tokarev TT
5.5 g415 m/s - 445 m/s17 mm
2a18.5
12" Hunter
35 g390 m/s - 410 m/s17 mm
35.45 AK 743.4 g870 m/s - 890 m/s17 mm
7.62 AKM7.9 g710 m/s - 725 m/s17 mm
45.45 AK 743.4 g870 m/s - 890 m/s17 mm
7.62 SVD9.6 g820 m/s - 835 m/s17 mm
57.62 AKM7.9 g710 m/s - 725 m/s17 mm
67.62 SVD9.6 g820 m/s - 835 m/s17 mm

CEN prEN IS0 14876-2


PROTECTION LEVELTEST BULLETBULLET WEIGHTREFERENCE VELOCITYMAXIMUM BFS DEPTH
19 mm X 19 FMSJ8.0 g360 m/s
+/- 10
44 mm
29 mm X 19 FMSJ8 g415 m/s
+/- 10
44 mm
39 mm X 19 FMSJ8 g425 m/s
+/- 10
44 mm
.357 Magnum FMJ10.2 g430 m/s
+/- 10
44 mm
45.56 MM 45 M 1933.6 g970 m/s
+/- 15
44 mm
7.62 mm x 51 NATO Ball SVD9.4 g830 m/s
+/- 15
44 mm
57.62 mm x 51 AP Hardened Steel Core9.7 g820 m/s
+/- 25
44 mm
S12/70 gauge Brenneke Solid Lead Slug32 g425 m/s
+/-25
44 mm

Anti - Stab Standards

As with the Ballistic standards, Armourshield also produce its anti stab vests to various threat levels illustrated in the tables below.

NIJ STANDARDS


PROTECTION LEVEL"E1" STRIKE ENERGY"E2" OVERTEST STRIKE ENERGY
Joules Max Penetration Joules Max Penetration
1 24 7 mm 36 20 mm
2 33 7 mm 50 20 mm
3 43 7 mm 65 20 mm

HOSDB 39/07/C


PROTECTION LEVELSENERGY LEVEL E1 (joules)MAXIMUM PENETRATION AT E1 (mm)ENERGY LEVEL E2 (joules)MAXIMUM PENETRATION AT E2 (mm)
KR12473620*
KR1 + SP1 24KR1=7, SP1=0*KR1=36, SP1 = N/AKR1=20*,SP1 = N/A
KR23375020*
KR2 + SP2 33KR2=7, SP2=0*KR2=50, SP2 = N/AKR2=20*,SP2 = N/A
KR34376520*
KR3 + SP3 43KR3=7, SP3=0*KR3=65, SP3 = N/AKR3=20*,SP3 = N/A

FOOT NOTE

  • * One penetration not exceeding 30mm is permissible at E2 knife testing and one penetration (no depth limit) is permissible for spike testing
  • N/A = Not Applicable
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